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Dr. Vera Junge

Internal Migration in Thailand and Vietnam

Spatial Patterns, Multilevel Determinants, and Regional Return
• Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz Universität Hannover • Buch (Gebunden) • Dissertation • Englisch • Softcover (Paperback) • 21,0 x 14,8 cm (DIN A5) • 205 Seiten • Neu (eingschweißt in Folie)
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  • 9783863760366
  • 978-3-86376-036-6
Migration and its positive implications for social and economic development have increased in... mehr

Migration and its positive implications for social and economic development have increased in recognition and importance in the context of regional and national development. In addition, while international migration in the wake of globalization has received most academic attention, the World Development Report 2009 points out that the largest flows of people take place within nations. This internal migration can be an important driver of urbanization, which in turn facilitates economic growth by giving rise to agglomeration economies within cities and improving the allocation of labor. Furthermore, migrants may form networks that ease the flow of capital and knowledge. These mechanisms enhance economic development in the home and destination area simultaneously. This book analyzes the mutual relationship of internal migration patterns and regional economic development in Thailand and Vietnam. In particular, this study contributes to three areas of migration research: notably the spatial patterns of migration over time, the migration decision in a multilevel perspective and for varying destinations, and the determinants and consequences of internal return migration. The empirical findings indicate changing internal migration patterns away from the major centers Bangkok, Ho Chi Minh City and Hanoi to intermediate sized cities in Thailand and Vietnam. This new migration pattern is determined by the destination choice of new migrants as well as by the return decision of existing migrants. Analyzing the migration decision using multilevel regressions shows that in particular educated individuals are influenced in their migration decision by the regional nonfarm opportunities. Increasing nonfarm opportunities in intermediate cities may therefore shape a new pattern of migration in both countries. Finally, results from multinomial regressions indicate that internal return migrants who move back to other destinations than their home villages (e.g. intermediate cities) are highly educated and bring back new knowledge to their home regions. In addition, they are positively influenced in their return decision by growing nonfarm sectors in their home regions and engage in nonfarm activities after their return. This helps to diversify the economy and to fill existing shortages for qualified labor within the home regions - and may foster future regional economic growth.

Titel: Internal Migration in Thailand and Vietnam
Untertitel: Spatial Patterns, Multilevel Determinants, and Regional Return
Autor: Dr. Vera Junge
Hochschule: Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz Universität Hannover
Erschienen: 1. Aufl. 31.12.2012
Fachbereich: Wirtschaftswissenschaft
Produkttyp: Buch (Gebunden)
Produktart: Dissertation
Sprache: Englisch
Einband: Softcover (Paperback)
Maße: 21,0 x 14,8 cm (DIN A5)
Umfang: 205 Seiten
Zustand: Neu (eingschweißt in Folie)
Keywords: Asia, economic development, Economic Geography, internal migration, Labor Market, Poverty, privat sector development, regional development, return migration, rural households, Thailand, Vietnam, vulnerability
Details "Internal Migration in Thailand and Vietnam"
Titel: Internal Migration in Thailand and Vietnam
Untertitel: Spatial Patterns, Multilevel Determinants, and Regional Return
Autor: Dr. Vera Junge
Hochschule: Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz Universität Hannover
Erschienen: 1. Aufl. 31.12.2012
Fachbereich: Wirtschaftswissenschaft
Produkttyp: Buch (Gebunden)
Produktart: Dissertation
Sprache: Englisch
Einband: Softcover (Paperback)
Maße: 21,0 x 14,8 cm (DIN A5)
Umfang: 205 Seiten
Zustand: Neu (eingschweißt in Folie)
Keywords: Asia, economic development, Economic Geography, internal migration, Labor Market, Poverty, privat sector development, regional development, return migration, rural households, Thailand, Vietnam, vulnerability
Neue Wege im Feld der Migrationsforschung Das Thema Migration erfreut sich seit einigen... mehr

Neue Wege im Feld der Migrationsforschung
Das Thema Migration erfreut sich seit einigen Jahren immer größerer Beliebtheit im akademischen Bereich. Fragestellungen innerhalb der Migrationsforschung sind vor allem in der interdisziplinären Forschung gegenwärtig äußerst populär. Die Praxis der Beschreibung und Analyse von grenzüberschreitenden Wanderungsströmen hat dabei in der Vergangenheit meist besondere Beachtung gefunden. Der Bereich der Binnenmigration hingegen ist bisher weitaus weniger intensiv untersucht worden und bietet nach wie vor großes Potenzial und zahlreiche Möglichkeiten für Forschungsfragen.
Vera Junge, Doktorandin der Wirtschaftsgeographie an der Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz Universität Hannover, widmet sich in ihrer Dissertation „Internal Migration in Thailand and Vietnam” ebendiesem vielversprechenden Thema. Vor dem Hintergrund empirischer Daten befasst sie sich mit der Frage, welche Wechselwirkungen zwischen der Binnenmigration und der nationalen, regionalen und lokalen Wirtschaft in Thailand und Vietnam bestehen. Junge legt in ihrer Arbeit nicht nur Forschungslücken im Bereich der Migration offen, sie beschreitet auch neue Wege in diesem Feld.
Die Analyse auffälliger Migrationsmuster im zeitlichen Verlauf, die Mehrebenenbetrachtung von Migrationsentscheidungen und die Voraussetzungen sowie Konsequenzen der Rückwanderung bilden Schwerpunkte in Junges Ausführungen. Dem folgend stellen räumliche Muster, die Mehrebenanalyse von Determinanten und das Phänomen der internen Rückwanderung Schlüsselthemen ihrer Dissertation dar.
Über die Perspektive der Humangeographie hinausgehend, nimmt Junge zudem politische und soziologische Aspekte in den Blick. Sie beleuchtet unter anderem die Relevanz individueller und regionaler Faktoren bei der Migration und zeigt spezifische Entwicklungen exemplarisch an den südostasiatischen Staaten Thailand und Vietnam auf. Die von Vera Junge verwendeten Daten weisen in diesem Zusammenhang auf den sogenannten „polarization reversal trend“ in beiden Ländern hin. Die Migrationsströme bewegen sich demnach von den großen Ballungszentren wie Bangkok, Ho Chi Minh City und Hanoi fort, hin zu eher regionalen Zielen. Welche Auswirkungen diese und andere Entwicklungen der Binnenmigration auf die ökonomische und sozio-ökonomische Lage der untersuchten Länder haben, diskutiert Junge im Zuge einer mehrstufigen Analyse.
Im Kontext der Globalisierung und sich stetig verändernder Muster und Trends der Migration bietet Junges Arbeit einen aufschlussreichen und aktuellen Einblick in die Thematik. Die Dissertation gibt Antworten auf Fragen, die in der Vergangenheit mitunter nur wenig Beachtung gefunden haben und hebt sich somit von anderen Arbeiten zum Thema Migration ab.

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